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China Fir*

Cunninghamia lanceolata

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China Fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) at Pender Pines Garden Center

China Fir

China Fir

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

* This is a "special order" plant - contact store for details

Height:  70 feet

Spread:  40 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  6a

Other Names:  Chinafir, Chinese Fir

Description:

This variety is compact and shrub-like when young; after a few years it will establish a leader and grow more pyramidal; new foliage is light green maturing to gray green; should be protected from winter winds

Ornamental Features

China Fir has attractive dark green foliage with white undersides which emerges light green in spring. The needles are highly ornamental and remain dark green throughout the winter. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. The peeling brown bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

China Fir is an evergreen tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and should not require much pruning, except when necessary, such as to remove dieback. It has no significant negative characteristics.

China Fir is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Shade
  • Vertical Accent
  • Windbreaks and Shelterbelts

Planting & Growing

China Fir will grow to be about 70 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 40 feet. It has a low canopy, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 40 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out. It is particular about its soil conditions, with a strong preference for rich, acidic soils, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This species is not originally from North America.

 

* This is a "special order" plant - contact store for details

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight Soil pH Preference
Characteristics
Shade  Articulation  Windbreak 
Applications
Foliage Color  Texture  Plant Form  Bark  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features