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Norfolk Island Pine

Araucaria heterophylla

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Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria heterophylla) at Pender Pines Garden Center

Norfolk Island Pine

Norfolk Island Pine

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria heterophylla) at Pender Pines Garden Center

Norfolk Island Pine foliage

Norfolk Island Pine foliage

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  50 feet

Spread:  30 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  9b

Description:

A very fine ornamental tree that is pyramidal in habit with a very straight trunk; foliage is soft to touch and finely delicate; an incredible accent tree that is tolerant of most soils; great in containers; does not tolerate frost

Ornamental Features

Norfolk Island Pine has attractive light green foliage. The small pointy leaves are highly ornamental and remain light green throughout the winter. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

Norfolk Island Pine is an open evergreen tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. It lends an extremely fine and delicate texture to the landscape composition which can make it a great accent feature on this basis alone.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and usually looks its best without pruning, although it will tolerate pruning. Deer don't particularly care for this plant and will usually leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Norfolk Island Pine is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Container Planting

Planting & Growing

Norfolk Island Pine will grow to be about 50 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 30 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 3 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This species is not originally from North America.

Norfolk Island Pine is a fine choice for the yard, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. Its large size and upright habit of growth lend it for use as a solitary accent, or in a composition surrounded by smaller plants around the base and those that spill over the edges. Note that when grown in a container, it may not perform exactly as indicated on the tag - this is to be expected. Also note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Accent  Container 
Applications
Foliage Color  Texture  Plant Form  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features